As sustainable heating and cooling becomes an increasingly important part of European energy policy, more research is being done in the field. Below is an overview of some of the projects that are related to Heat Roadmap Europe. If you have any suggestions, please feel free to contact us.
4DH is an international research centre which develops 4th generation district heating technologies and systems. This development is fundamental to the implementation of the Danish objective of being fossil fuel-free by 2050 and the European 2020 goals. With lower and more flexible distribution temperatures, 4th generation district heating (4GDH) can utilize renewable energy sources, while meeting the requirements of low-energy buildings and energy conservation measures in the existing building stock. In 4GDH systems, synergies are created between three areas of district heating, which also sum up the work of the 4DH Centre: Grids and components; Production and system integration, and Planning and implementation.
The progRESsHEAT project aims at assisting local, regional, national and EU political leaders in developing policy and strategies to ensure a quick and efficient deployment of renewables in heating and cooling networks. The project’s aim is in line with the objectives of the Renewable Energy Directive and the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive that require Member States to develop ambitious policies as regards the use of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in heating and cooling networks. progRESsHEAT is intended to support the market uptake of existing and emerging renewable electricity, heating and cooling technologies.
CELSIUS City has established an intelligent heating system covering virtually all the households and commercial buildings in the appropriate high density areas of the city and an energy efficient district cooling system for its commercial customers. The community, including citizens, politicians, industry and utility as well as other stakeholders, see the CELSIUS City vision take form and recognise and promote the advantages of working together towards a common goal: Improved air quality, reduction of energy use, maximising the use of various kinds of waste, excess, energies and resources. Not to forget all the green business opportunities and the promotion and increased attractiveness of the city as well as security of energy supply.
The project REnewable Smart Cooling for Urban Europe (RESCUE) aims to address the key challenges for the further development and implementation of district cooling using low and zero carbon emitting sources. RESCUE will enable local communities to reap the environmental and economic benefits of this energy efficiency and mature technology.
The potential of renewable energies for heating and cooling is still largely unexploited in the EU. The European Commission is seriously committed to promote the use of these energy sources and technologies, as proved by the Renewable Energy Directive (Binding National Targets, National Renewable Energy Action Plans) and the Energy Efficiency Directive (Art. 14, necessity to exploit the RES H/C potential and develop heating markets at local and regional levels). In this framework, regions and municipalities play a crucial role with regard to the enhancement of planning procedures, one of the main challenges to the renewable energy growth. However, regional and local public administrators require targeted support to improve their planning design and governance capabilities. To this end, the RES H/C Spread project aims at providing assistance and support to regional and local public administrators.
Modern district heating and cooling (DHC) systems can significantly contribute to the achievement of national and European Union energy policy objectives. Amongst many other benefits they stand for the efficient use of energy and allow for a large-scale integration of renewables. These feature have been extensively documented by the Intelligent Energy Europe supported “Ecoheatcool” study, available for download from www.ecoheatcool.org. One of the crucial preconditions for maximizing the benefits of ‘district heating and cooling’ is that a consistent and effective legislative framework is in place. Given the difficulties associated with the cross-cutting nature of the technology, this however is not always the case.
The overall purpose with this project is to communicate that district heating and cooling, can expand further in an extended EU and offer higher energy efficiency and higher security of supply with the benefit of lower carbon dioxide emissions by:
Analysing the heating and cooling demands in Europe with a view to provide comprehensive, aggregate information about the whole heating and cooling market and its dynamics in Europe
Analysing and making visible possibilities for district heating and cooling
Providing a tool for assessing the primary energy efficiency of district heating systems from conversion to delivery to the final customer
Assessing and communicating the implications from more district heating and cooling in relation to European policy objectives
Providing recommendations for strategies to encourage the development of sustainable heat and cold supply options.
Heat and the City is a four year research programme examining the development of sustainable, low carbon heating in urban areas in the UK. Our multi-disciplinary research addresses a major gap in UK sustainable energy policy, which is the neglect of energy used for heating and hot water in buildings. The project is funded by the UK Research Councils’ Energy and Communities Programme, and is one of seven projects which place society, environment and economy at the centre of the public debate. We focus particularly on the potential contribution of community heat (and cooling) networks, combined with energy saving improvements to existing and new buildings.
The project aims at increasing the diffusion of smart and flexible DHC systems, based on high shares of RES, in European cities. In order to reach this aim, a mixed project consortium was created, including regional authorities, DHC utilities and consultancy partners, which specific high-level skills on RES DHC and on energy planning at local level. 6 regions in 4 countries (DE, IE, IT, ES) will implement legislative and organizational measures for promoting high-RES DHC, also benefitting from the know-how transfer by Denmark. These measures include:
SmartEnCity’s main Objective is to develop a highly adaptable and replicable systemic approach towards urban transformation into sustainable, smart and resource-efficient urban environments in Europe through the integrated planning and implementation of measures aimed at improving energy efficiency in main consuming sectors in cities, while increasing their supply of renewable energy, and demonstrate its benefits.
The objective of CoolHeating is to support the implementation of "small modular renewable heating and cooling grids" for communities in South-Eastern Europe. CoolHeating transfers knowledge from partners in countries where renewable district heating and cooling examples exist (Austria, Denmark, Germany) to countries where there are less examples in the sector (Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina). Core activities, besides techno-economical assessments, include measures to stimulate the interest of communities and citizens to set-up renewable district heating systems as well as the capacity building about financing and business models. The outcome is the initiation of new small renewable district heating and cooling grids in 5 target communities up to the investment stage.
This Task focuses on the analysis of the future role of solar thermal in energy supply systems in urban environments. Based on an energy economic analysis - reflecting future changes in the whole energy system - strategies and technical solutions as well as associated tools will be developed. Good examples of integration of solar thermal systems in urban energy systems will be developed and documented.
In many countries, district heating has a key role in national strategic energy planning. However, through tighter legislation new and future buildings require much less heat. The consequent relative heat loss can then make current DH networks unsustainable. The design and operation of DH systems therefore needs to be re-examined, one solution being very low operational temperatures: ‘Fourth Generation District Heating’.
The sub-project focused on the unique possibilities for district heating on local and regional heating markets in Europe, and on how the expansion of district heating and cooling can lead to substantial conservation of resources as well as opening up for renewable alternatives. If, at the same time as district heating is developed, coordination occurs with development on the userside and re-organization of centralized power production, this can contribute to increase the efficiency at the end-user and the expansion of heating power.
The main objective of the project is to develop solutions to recover the waste heat produced in energetic intensive processes of industrial sectors such as cement, glass, steelmaking and petrochemical and transform it into useful energy. These solutions will be designed after an evaluation of the energetic situation of these four industries and will deal with the development of Waste Heat Recovery Systems (WHRS) based on the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology. This technology is able to recover and transform the thermal energy of the flue gases into electric power for internal or external use. Furthermore, a WHRS will be developed and tested to recover and transform the thermal energy of the flue gases of EII into mechanical energy for internal use (compressors).
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 695989.